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Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of cervical smear abnormality

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of cervical smear abnormality

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of cervical smear abnormality

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of cervical smear abnormality

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Cervical smear abnormality is generally encountered during routine Pap smear examinations. This abnormality may be cancerous or non-cancerous. Colposcopy is an investigation where an instrument named colposcope is used to examine the interior of the cervix. Both cervical smear examinations (Pap smear) and colposcopy are investigations to diagnose any abnormal pathology of the cervix, which forms part of female reproductive system and located in the lower part of uterus.

Incidence, age and sex

Cervical smear abnormality is commonly encountered during routine gynaecological examination. Although it may be seen in any age group, it mainly exhibits in young and middle aged women.

Signs and symptoms

The clinical features depend upon the causative factor behind abnormal cervical smears. Some common clinical features of the vaginal infection include vaginal discharge which may be typical of the causative organism. For example, a curdy white discharge is seen in candidiasis and a greenish vaginal discharge with fishy odour is characteristic of trichomoniasis. Cervical smear abnormality may also be seen in the cancerous condition of the cervix wherein the patient may present with foul-smelling vaginal discharge, vaginal bleeding between periods, pelvic pain, bleeding and pain after sexual intercourse along with loss of weight and fatigue.

Such symptoms usually warrant a Pap smear examination which should be ideally repeated, if abnormal. Then colposcopy of cervix is done which helps in examining the interior of cervix. This may be followed by endocervical curettage and cervical biopsy.

Causes and prevention

The cervical smear abnormality may be seen in several instances which may range from mild problems to serious health problems. Following are some common causes resulting in abnormal smear:

  • Simple vaginal infections like candidiasis, trichomoniasis
  • Benign warts as a result of human papilloma virus
  • Pre-cancerous state of cervical cells, also called dysplasia
  • Cervical cancer

Complications

The most dreadful complication of cervical smear abnormality is cervical cancer. Very rarely colposcopy or colposcopic directed biopsy may result in vaginal bleeding.

Submit a request for further information, a quotation or indicative cost. Your enquiry will be forwarded to up to 3 private healthcare providers. They will respond directly with further information.

Get a quote for cervical smear abnormality treatment >

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