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Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of attention hyperactivity deficit disorder (adhd)

Attention hyperactivity deficit disorder (adhd)

Attention hyperactivity deficit disorder (adhd)

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of attention hyperactivity deficit disorder (adhd)

Consultation and assessment

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Attention deficit disorder is a neuro-psychiatric disorder of children characterized by behavioural and learning disabilities.

Incidence, age and sex

Attention deficit disorder is a common disorder seen in children. It is not clear whether this disorder has a gender bias but it has been documented more in boys than in girls.

Signs and symptoms

The clinical features of attention deficit disorder include broad categories, namely reduced attention span, inability to focus, hyperactivity and impulsive behaviour:

  • Reduced attention span- a child may be easily bored and may not stick to one activity for more than a few minutes. He/she fails to listen to instructions and is unable to adhere to rules and regulations.
  • Inability to focus- Impaired organizational skills, learning difficulties and incomplete assignments signify reduced focussing.
  • Hyperactivity- The child may be fidgety, restless, talk incessantly and unable to remain seated in one place. When such symptoms occur, the disorder is called attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
  • Impulsive Behaviour- Unruly behaviour and emotional outbursts are common.

The clinical features may progress to adulthood or wane with time. Certain conditions like learning disorder, depression or mania may be associated with this disorder.

Causes and prevention

The cause of attention deficit disorder is not yet known. Some clinical studies have shown increased incidence of attention deficit disorder in children exposed to cigarette smoke and alcohol during the intra-uterine period. Both genetic and environmental factors may play a role in its causation but no confirmatory studies have been done so far.

Complications

There are various social and psychological consequences of attention deficit disorder like poor school performance, learning disability and psychological stress. It may result in negative impact on work performance and social relationships.

Submit a request for further information, a quotation or indicative cost. Your enquiry will be forwarded to up to 3 private healthcare providers. They will respond directly with further information.

Get a quote for attention hyperactivity deficit disorder (ADHD) treatment >

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Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of attention hyperactivity deficit disorder (adhd)
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