Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a terminology used to include ‘chronic bronchitis’ (prolonged inflammation of the large airways) and ‘emphysema’ (damaged air sacs responsible for gas exchange in the lungs). Smoking is the most important risk factor responsible for COPD. Patients continually cough, are breathless, expel excessive mucus and complain of chest pain. COPD is diagnosed with the help of lung function tests and treated with breathing exercises, drugs, oxygen and sometimes surgery.
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