Advertisement

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of prolactinoma

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of prolactinoma

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of prolactinoma

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of prolactinoma

Scans

Tests and investigations

Prolactinoma is a prolactin- secreting benign tumour of the pituitary gland and is the most common tumor of the pituitary gland. Based on size, a prolactinoma can be classified as a microprolactinoma (<10 mm diameter) or macroprolactinoma (>10 mm diameter).

Submit a request for further information, a quotation or indicative cost. Your enquiry will be forwarded to up to 3 private healthcare providers. They will respond directly with further information.

Get a quote for prolactinoma treatment >

Incidence, age and sex

The disorder affects more than twice as many girls as boys. With the advent of MRI, more of these tumours, particularly microadenomas (<1cm), are being detected.

Signs & symptoms

The most common presenting manifestations are headache, amenorrhea, and galactorrhea. Prolactin levels may be moderately (40 – 50 ng/mL) or markedly (10,000 – 15,000 mg/mL) elevated. Most prolactinomas in children are large (macroadenomas), cause the sella to enlarge, and in some cases cause visual field defects.

Causes and prevention

The cause of pituitary tumours remains unknown. Most pituitary tumours are sporadic—they are not genetically passed from parents to offspring.

Complications

Approximately 1/3 of patients with macroadenomas develop hypopituitarism, particularly GH deficiency. Hyperprolactinemia can cause reduced oestrogen production in women and reduced testosterone production in men. Even a year or two without oestrogen/testosterone can compromise bone strength and cause osteoporosis.

Submit a request for further information, a quotation or indicative cost. Your enquiry will be forwarded to up to 3 private healthcare providers. They will respond directly with further information.

Get a quote for prolactinoma treatment >

Advertisement

Features

Latest news

Ewen Griffiths in the spotlight

Covid 19 services at The London General Practice

Andrew Goldberg was featured on Radio 4's 'Inside Health'.

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of prolactinoma

Find a ...

Advertisement