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Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of parkinson's disease

Parkinson's disease

Parkinson's disease

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of parkinson's disease

Consultation and assessment

Parkinson’s disease is a degenerative disease of the central nervous system that affects the body’s movements and coordination. The central nervous system is responsible for coordination of all the activities of the body. Parkinson’s disease is a life-long disorder and its management involves multi-disciplinary measures to enable the affected individual lead a productive and independent life.

Submit a request for further information, a quotation or indicative cost. Your enquiry will be forwarded to up to 3 private healthcare providers. They will respond directly with further information.

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Incidence, age and sex

The disease occurs in all ethnic populations. The onset of disease is observed generally around the age of 55-60 years and its incidence is uncommon before the age of 50 years. The prevalence is slightly more in men as compared with women.

Signs and symptoms

The disease usually has a gradual onset and progresses with time. The typical presentation includes tremors or shaking of hands or legs which occur at rest and disappear on movement. Stiffness of the muscles of neck, trunk and limb is an early feature. The individual may experience difficulty in initiating voluntary movements (like getting up from a chair or walking) of body. Performing daily activities such as dressing and bathing become extremely difficult. The individual is not able to maintain a proper body posture and experiences imbalance. The face may become devoid of expressions and speech becomes slower and monotonous. Constipation and sleep problems are generally present. As the disease progress, behavioural changes like depression, anxiety, apathy, and delusions can be observed. Overall the quality of life is significantly reduced and the individual suffers from disability.

The diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease is entirely based upon the history and clinical examination.Investigations like certain blood tests, CT and MRI scan may be done to exclude other causes.

Causes and prevention

The exact cause of the disease is not known. However, certain drugs, head injury, brain disorders or other degenerative conditions may trigger the development of this disease. Parkinson’s disease results due to destruction of dopamine producing brain cells. Dopamine is an important neurotransmitter in the brain controlling numerous functions of the body such as movement, sleep and memory. Regular physical exercise and physiotherapy may help in slowing down the progress of disease.

Complications

Parkinson’s disease leads to functional disability which hampers the daily activities of the affected individual. In advanced cases, the individual may have injuries from falls, become wheelchair-bound or bed ridden.

Submit a request for further information, a quotation or indicative cost. Your enquiry will be forwarded to up to 3 private healthcare providers. They will respond directly with further information.

Get a quote for parkinson's disease treatment >

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Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of parkinson's disease
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