Advertisement

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of autism and aspergers syndrome

Autism and aspergers syndrome

Autism and aspergers syndrome

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of autism and aspergers syndrome

Consultation and assessment

Treatments

This is a neuro-psychiatric disorder, present since birth and characterized by developmental disabilities. Both autism and Aspergers syndrome fall in category of ‘autism spectrum’ which are pervasive developmental disorders.

Incidence, age and sex

These disorders are commonly seen in general population. The incidence of autism and Aspergers syndrome is more in boys as compared with girls.

Signs and symptoms

The signs and symptoms of autism and Aspergers syndrome become apparent not before 3 years of age. Individuals with this disorder present generally with behavioural problems along with motor in-coordination. Behavioural problems include social inadequacy, increased frequency of temper tantrums and inability to perceive emotions of others. Awkward posture and gait, clumsiness and poor performance in sports are some signs of motor in-coordination in an individual with autism and Aspergers syndrome.

Such individuals may also have language problems related to speech delivery which may be robotic and weird. Delay in milestones in early childhood may also be seen. A handful of individuals with this disorder may show strange obsessive behaviour with particular things like music or certain activities. Learning to read and write may be an ordeal for such children. Special educational methods may be required to teach these children. It is not very easy to diagnose such developmental disorders and a detailed psycho-social assessment by a specialist is required.

Causes and prevention

The exact cause of autism and Aspergers syndrome is not clearly known. It may be genetic in origin since it is present since birth. Environmental factors do not seem to play any role in the development of this syndrome.

Complications

Social isolation, poor performance at school or workplace and psychological problems like depression and anxiety may complicate the condition.

Advertisement

Features

Latest news

Ewen Griffiths in the spotlight

Covid 19 services at The London General Practice

Andrew Goldberg was featured on Radio 4's 'Inside Health'.

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of autism and aspergers syndrome
FREE Guide
FREE Guide

Children's health guide

Find a ...

Advertisement