Advertisement

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of arterial thrombosis

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of arterial thrombosis

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of arterial thrombosis

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of arterial thrombosis

Submit a request for further information, a quotation or indicative cost. Your enquiry will be forwarded to up to 3 private healthcare providers. They will respond directly with further information.

Get a quote for arterial thrombosis treatment >

Arterial thrombosis is a blood clot in a blood vessel called the artery, which carries oxygenated blood from the heart to other body organs. It is a significant pathological condition which may result in potentially life threatening problems.

Incidence, age and sex

Arterial thrombosis mainly occurs in middle aged or aged individuals. Older individuals are more commonly afflicted with this condition. It may be seen in young adults in rare instances. Men are more predisposed to arterial thrombosis as compared with women.

Signs and symptoms

Arterial thrombus may affect the arteries supplying heart, brain and lower limbs. If coronary arteries supplying the heart get affected, it may lead to angina/chest pain or in severe cases heart attack, also called myocardial infarction. If thrombus occurs in the arteries supplying the brain, then it may hamper the functions of brain, thereby leading to a stroke. Sometimes lower limbs may be involved if arterial thrombus affects arteries of lower limbs. This is called peripheral vascular disorder which may be seen more frequently in smokers. It is characterised by pain in calf muscles especially on walking or climbing stairs which is relieved on rest.

Causes and prevention

Arterial thrombosis occurs as a part of atherosclerosis process in which arterial wall becomes thick and rigid with constricting lumen due to deposition of fatty substance called ‘atheroma’ in the arterial wall. This atheroma may rupture leading to blood clotting around it. This blood clot may remain attached to the arterial wall and is termed as ‘thrombus’. When this thrombus detaches itself from arterial wall and moves freely in its lumen, it is called ‘embolus’. Several risk factor may trigger this event of thrombus formation in arteries, of which aging and family history are most common. Other risk factors include high blood pressure, diabetes, high blood cholesterol, obesity, physical inactivity, emotional stress and smoking.

Following are some preventive measures which may help in stopping the development or progression of this pathogenic process:

  • Maintain adequate weight
  • Physical exercises- Daily physical exercises like running, brisk walking, cycling, swimming or aerobic are helpful.
  • Appropriate dietary habits- It helps not only in shedding excess weight but also reduces blood cholesterol and lipids. Low salt along with low fat diet is advisable. Increased consumption of fruits and vegetables is healthy.
  • Cessation of smoking- Immediate benefit occurs on stopping smoking. Risk of heart disease and stroke may reduce drastically.

Complications

The complications of arterial thrombus depend upon the organ affected. In case of heart, patient may have irregular heart beats or in severe instances heart failure which may end in death, if not managed promptly. Involvement of brain causes stroke which results in weakening of limbs and speech impairment. Moreover complete block of lower limb artery by arterial thrombus may result in irreversible damage to the limbs called gangrene.

Submit a request for further information, a quotation or indicative cost. Your enquiry will be forwarded to up to 3 private healthcare providers. They will respond directly with further information.

Get a quote for arterial thrombosis treatment >

Advertisement

Features

Latest news

Val Cornwall was diagnosed with osteoarthritis

Andrew Goldberg was featured on Radio 4's 'Inside Health' in 2014.

30,000 people are diagnosed with ankle arthritis annually

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of arterial thrombosis

Find a ...

Advertisement