Haematology or hematology is the branch of medicine that is concerned with the study of blood, the blood-forming organs, and blood diseases. Haematology includes the diagnosis, treatment, prognosis and prevention of blood diseases that affect the production of blood and its components, such as blood cells, haemoglobin, blood proteins, the mechanism of coagulation, etc.
Haematologists are physicians who are specially trained in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of the blood and bone marrow as well as the immunologic, haemostatic (blood clotting) and vascular systems. Haematologists may specialise in:
treating bleeding disorders such as haemophilia and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
treating haematological malignacies such as lymphoma and leukemia (onco haematology)
in the science of blood transfusion and the work of a blood bank
The professional body in the UK which is responsible for training and regulating medical practitioners who specialise in haematology is the Royal College of Physicians. The organisation focused on the promotion of haematology within the United Kingdom is the British Society for Haematology and within Europe, the European Haematology Association. The European Society for Paediatric Haematology and Immunology (ESPHI) focuses and promotes knowledge on paediatric haematology.
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