Lung cancer among women over the age of 60 has doubled since the mid 1970s.
This is according to the latest figures from Cancer Research, which revealed that in 2008 there were 190 women per 100,000 who had the disease.
In 1975 there were just 88 women per 100,000 with lung cancer.
Indeed, more than 15,100 women over the age of 60 diagnosed with the condition in 2008.
Jean King, Cancer Research UK's director of tobacco control, commented: "These figures highlight how important tobacco control measures are in helping people to stop smoking.
"With the lung cancer rate rising among women we would like the government to introduce a comprehensive and well funded tobacco control strategy that targets at risk groups and stops young people from beginning an addiction that kills half of all long term smokers."
Interestingly, men showed the opposite trend, with a decline in the number of people diagnosed recorded between 1975 and 2008.