Hip replacement patients with diabetes are less likely to suffer complications while undergoing surgery if they control their glucose levels.
This is the finding of a study by scientists led by Dr Milford Marchant, orthopaedic surgeon at the Adult Reconstruction Section at Duke University Medical Center.
They discovered that patients who did not control their glucose levels were three times more likely to die or suffer a stroke after having joint surgery such as a hip replacement.
Infections and post-operative bleeding were also more frequent in diabetics who did not manage their condition.
Dr Marchant commented: "It did not matter if the patient had type-1 or type-2 diabetes... Regardless of diabetes type, we found that patients had fewer complications after surgery if their glucose level was controlled before, during and after surgery."
He added that by controlling their glucose levels, patients will greatly benefit regardless of whether they have been diagnosed with type-1 or type-2 diabetes.
Each individual living with a diabetes diagnoses has different needs and requirements, and Dr Marchant recommends patients discuss with their medical practitioner the best way to normalise their blood sugar levels.
Type-1 diabetes is characterised by a reduction in beta cells that produce insulin while type-2 involves insulin resistance.