The aim of diabetes treatment is to keep blood glucose levels as near to normal as possible. Training in self management of diabetes forms an essential part of diabetes management. Treatment should be agreed on an individual basis and address medical, psychosocial and lifestyle issues. Treatment of Type 1 diabetes requires a strict regimen that typically includes a carefully calculated diet, planned physical activity, multiple daily insulin injections and home blood glucose testing a number of times per day. Treatment of Type 2 diabetes typically includes diet control, exercise, home blood glucose testing and, in some cases, oral medication and/or insulin. Approximately 40% of people with type 2 diabetes require insulin injections.