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Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of ingrown toe nails

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of ingrown toe nails

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of ingrown toe nails

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of ingrown toe nails

Consultation and assessment

Operations and procedures

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Ingrown toenail (Onychocryptosis or Unguis incarnatus) is a common form of nail disease in which the nail grows inwards so that it cuts into one or both sides of the nail bed.

Incidence, age and sex

Ingrown toenail is a very common condition which may affect an individual at any age. There seems to be no gender predilection.

Signs and symptoms

Symptoms include pain along the margin of the nail which is aggravated by wearing tight footwear. The nail is sensitive to mild pressure. Bumping of the affected toe produces sharp pain. Signs include redness and swelling of the area around the nail and drainage of pus and blood tinged watery discharge.

The diagnosis of the condition can be clearly established on physical examination and require no further tests or investigations.

Causes and prevention

Wearing tight shoes (with narrow toe box) and tight socks, foot exposure to prolonged moisture, improper nail care, fungal infection of toes, acute injury or repetitive trauma to the nail and genetic susceptibility are the common causes. Preventive measures include careful clipping of toenails i.e. the nails should be cut straight across, wearing well-fitting shoes and keeping the feet clean and dry.

Complications

Ingrown toe nail can lead to infection of the nail bed or nail fold (paronychia). The nail too may develop fungal infection. Trauma or injury to the affected toe can cause collection of blood under nail bed (haematoma).

Submit a request for further information, a quotation or indicative cost. Your enquiry will be forwarded to up to 3 private healthcare providers. They will respond directly with further information.

Get a quote for ingrown toe nails treatment >

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Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of ingrown toe nails

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