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Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of hypopharyngeal cancer

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of hypopharyngeal cancer

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of hypopharyngeal cancer

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of hypopharyngeal cancer

Submit a request for further information, a quotation or indicative cost. Your enquiry will be forwarded to up to 3 private healthcare providers. They will respond directly with further information.

Get a quote for hypopharyngeal cancer treatment >

Hypopharyngeal cancer constitutes abnormal growth of the cells in the lower part of pharynx which is also called as hypopharynx. Pharynx is an area of the throat which extends from the back of nose to back of the voice box. Hypopharynx is the lowermost part of the pharynx that lies behind the voice box (larynx). Hypopharyngeal cancer mainly constitutes of squamous cells which are the flat cells of the epithelial lining of the hypopharyngeal tissue.

Incidence, age and sex

Hypopharyngeal cancer is mainly seen in individuals of more than 50 years of age with an increased frequency in men as compared with women. Children are very seldom affected.

Signs and symptoms

Most of the individuals with hypopharyngeal cancer are asymptomatic. However some individuals may present with vague features like sore throat, difficulty in swallowing, ear pain or hoarseness of voice. Sometimes, advanced stage of cancer may manifest as a lump in the neck. Other features include fever, loss of appetite and weight loss.

It is advisable to consult a specialist who will conduct a comprehensive physical examination to assess the growth and spread of cancer. The hypopharyngeal area may be directly viewed by an endoscope - a flexible tube inserted via the nostril. It also helps in taking a sample of the cancerous tissue to be studied under microscope later. Other investigations like CT MRI PET scan will also help in detecting the presence, location, grade and spread of the cancer.

Causes and prevention

The most common causes of hypopharyngeal cancer are smoking, chewing tobacco and/or consuming excess alcohol. Combined consumption of these things usually has a cumulative affect.

Complications

Hypopharyngeal cancer is associated with complications like loss of voice if the cancer spreads to the voice box. Distant spread of cancer is usually seen in almost 25% of all affected individuals.

Submit a request for further information, a quotation or indicative cost. Your enquiry will be forwarded to up to 3 private healthcare providers. They will respond directly with further information.

Get a quote for hypopharyngeal cancer treatment >

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