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Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of headache

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of headache

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of headache

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of headache

Treatments

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Incidence, age and sex

Headache is a very common human ailment and frequently encountered in the general population. It may afflict an individual of any age and gender. The incidence of headache in different age groups and gender, varies according to the type of headache. For example, a tension headache has no gender predilection whereas the incidence of migraine is more in women as compared with men.

Signs and symptoms

The clinical features of headache depend upon the type of headache encountered in an individual. A tension headache is one of the most common headaches seen in individuals and is characterized by a dull and steady pain in forehead, temples and back of neck. On the other hand, migraine headache typically affects only one side of head and characterized by excruciating pulsating pain which may be associated with nausea, vomiting and increased sensitivity to bright light and noise. A cluster headache is another type of headache characterized by episodes of early morning sharp pain in the head. Such an episode may last for weeks followed by headache-free intervals.

Individuals with sinus headaches, experience pain in the forehead and face which is associated with post-nasal dripping or a clogged nose. Headache, in case of meningitis is associated with fever and stiffness of the neck.

Diagnosis

Severe and persistent headaches need to be evaluated comprehensively to rule out any serious underlying ailments. The diagnosis of headaches in most of the individuals, is made on the basis of history.

Causes and prevention

Tension headache is one of the most common types of headaches. Following are the causes of various types of headache:

  • Tension Headache – Arises due to spasm of the muscles of the shoulders and the back of neck. Triggering factors are stress, fatigue and lack of sleep.
  • Migraine Headache – Genetic preponderance, hormonal changes. Triggering factors are bright lights, noise and strong odours.
  • Cluster Headache – Cause not clear
  • Sinus Headache – Inflammatory type and occurs due to sinusitis
  • Premenstrual Syndrome – Headache usually encountered during premenstrual time every month
  • Headache may also be an associated symptom of fever.
  • Rare causes may include meningitis, encephalitis and stroke.

Complications

The complications of headache depend upon the type or underlying cause. However, a headache may be quite distressing to the individual and may affect his/her work and personal life.

Submit a request for further information, a quotation or indicative cost. Your enquiry will be forwarded to up to 3 private healthcare providers. They will respond directly with further information.

Get a quote for headaches treatment >

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Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of headache

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