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Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of ebola haemorrhagic fever

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of ebola haemorrhagic fever

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of ebola haemorrhagic fever

Symptoms, diagnosis and causes of ebola haemorrhagic fever

Submit a request for further information, a quotation or indicative cost. Your enquiry will be forwarded to up to 3 private healthcare providers. They will respond directly with further information.

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Ebola haemorrhagic fever is a serious and potentially life-threatening infection caused by the Ebola virus. This viral infection can be seen in humans as well as primates like monkeys.

Incidence, age and sex

Ebola haemorrhagic fever is not seen frequently in the general population. It can be seen in any age group. However it usually afflicts adults. It is seen mainly in certain areas of Africa.

Signs and symptoms

The clinical features of Ebola haemorrhagic fever generally appear a week later after exposure. It has a wide spectrum of clinical features which may vary from indistinct features like backache, headache, exhaustion and abdominal pain. The disease may later progress to severe symptoms which include fever with chills, joint and muscle pain, diarrhoea and vomiting. The infected individuals may exhibit bleeding from various sites like nose, eyes or even from gastrointestinal tract which may be evident from blood stained stools or vomiting blood. The most distinct feature is the appearance of haemorrhagic skin rash over the skin.

It is advisable to consult a medical specialist who may conduct a comprehensive physical examination before advising investigations like blood tests along with detailed coagulation profile. Assessment of serum electrolytes may also be needed to be investigated.

Causes and prevention

Ebola haemorrhagic fever is caused by the Ebola virus belonging to family Filoviridae. This viral infection is generally transmitted from infected animals like monkeys, gorillas and their products. It can also be transmitted from human to human through direct contact. This viral infection may be prevented by following certain measures like frequent hand-washing, wearing protective gear when coming in contact with infected individuals. It is advisable to avoid epidemic areas while travelling to avoid catching this infection.

Complications

Ebola haemorrhagic fever is a fatal infection which may progress to seizures, shock and even death in some cases. The mortality rate of this viral infection is very high and may range from 50 to 90%.

Submit a request for further information, a quotation or indicative cost. Your enquiry will be forwarded to up to 3 private healthcare providers. They will respond directly with further information.

Get a quote for ebola haemorrhagic fever treatment >

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