The most commonly asked questions, answered
Cardiovascular surgery is surgery on the heart or arteries performed by cardiac surgeons. Frequently, it is performed to treat complications of ischaemic heart disease (for example, coronary artery bypass grafting), to correct congenital heart disease, or treat valvular heart disease from various causes including endocarditis, rheumatic heart disease and atherosclerosis. It also includes heart transplantation. The development of cardiac surgery and cardiopulmonary bypass techniques has reduced the mortality rates of these surgeries to relatively low ranks.