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Types of MRI scan

A Brain and neck MRI can be used to check the brain for tumours, an aneurysm, bleeding in the brain, nerve injury, and other problems, such as damage caused by a stroke. A head MRI can also find problems of the eyes and optic nerves, and the ears and auditory nerves.  An MRI of the soft tissue of the neck can help to diagnose masses, tumours and lesions as well as, vascular and structural abnormalities.

A Chest MRI can look at the heart, the heart valves, and coronary blood vessels and can show if the heart or lungs are damaged or the presence of breast or lung cancer.  MRA or magnetic resonance angiography can be used to scan blood vessels and the flow of blood through them.  Breast MRI scans have not yet been developed for the detection of breast cancer but are useful in the evaluation of silicone breast implants.

Abdomen, liver and pelvis MRI scans can find problems such as tumours, bleeding, infection and blockage in the organs and structures in the belly. An MRI of the pelvis is usually performed to help with the diagnosis of reproductive conditions in women and to help diagnose the existence of prostate cancer in men.

Bone and joint MRI scans check for arthritis, bone tumours, problems with the temporomandibular joint, cartilage and torn ligaments or tendons. MRI scans are often used when X-ray results are not clear.   

A Spine MRI is often used in cases where back pain is an issue. It can check the discs and nerves of the spine for conditions such as spinal stenosis, disc bulges and spinal tumours.