The Law Commission is recommending the most far-reaching reforms of adult social care law seen for over 60 years.
The Commission’s recommendation for a single, clear, modern statute and code of practice would pave the way for a coherent social care system. For the first time, older people, disabled people, those with mental health problems and carers will be clear about their legal rights to care and support services. Local councils across England and Wales will have clear and concise rules to govern when they must provide services.
Included in the Commission’s recommendations are:
- Putting the individual’s wellbeing at the heart of decision-making, using new statutory principles
- Giving carers new legal rights to services
- Placing duties on councils and the NHS to work together
- Building a single, streamlined assessment and eligibility framework
- Protecting service users from abuse and neglect with a new legal framework.
The current law is fragmented and flawed. It is out of date – it stems from the National Assistance Act 1948 and has grown on a piecemeal basis since then – and there is a lot of it. A lack of cohesion leaves service users and providers struggling to make sense of ambiguous and inconsistent rights and duties. Under the Law Commission’s recommendations, over 40 statutes would be repealed or amended, and thousands of pages of often contradictory guidance would be consigned to history.
The government will review the Commission’s recommendations with a view to introducing legislation in 2012, as part of the wider review of adult social care that includes the funding of services.
The Law Commission is a non-political independent body, set up by Parliament in 1965 to keep all the law of England and Wales under review, and to recommend reform where it is needed.