Curable and incurable sexually transmitted infections in addition to a lack of access to contraceptives are increasing instances of sexual health problems.
This is according to an editorial in the PLoS Medicine journal, which has argued that it is "time to realign research and policy making to promote better sexual health for all", which could lead to better access to sexual health treatments.
The editorial stressed that curable infections such as gonorrhoea, syphilis, chlamydia and trichomoniasis place "a significant burden" in both developed and developing nations.
According to PLoS Medicine, unmet contraceptive needs combined with unsafe sex are among the top-20 risk factors for mortality and burden of disease.
Editors have said they want to see religious and political leaders "redouble their efforts" in terms of realigning research and policy making to promote widespread improved sexual health.
They also argued that leaders should provide the support necessary to allow medical research "to fulfill its role in promoting sexual health".
Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted infection, with the most obvious symptoms in men including white, cloudy or watery discharge from the penis.