The Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index in the United Kingdom consists of 55 individual items that collectively measure Britons' emotional, physical, and financial wellbeing. Low-income Britons are defined as those with a monthly income of £1385 or less.
Those in the lowest income group are more likely than those in higher income groups to have been diagnosed with chronic conditions such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, depression, and cancer. More than half have had two or more of these health problems, compared with less than a third of those in the highest income group.
Low-income people are significantly more likely to smoke than are their high-income counterparts. Those in the highest income group are much more likely than low-income people to exercise regularly.
While all have national health insurance coverage, those with lower incomes are more likely to lack access to certain basics important to good health. Low-income people are slightly less likely to have a personal doctor. Access to dental care is also lower among low-income people.
Low-income people are also much more likely to report that health problems keep them from doing their usual activities and prevent them from doing things that people their age can normally do.
The research demonstrates the health and wellbeing divide that exists between the rich and poor in the UK.