Need for travel vaccinations

Visiting the doctor when you're trying to pack for a foreign holiday may be the last thing on your mind, but experts advise that it is important to update travel vaccinations and make sure you have the necessary medical advice for your particular destination.

Many people fail to bear in mind that the most exotic locations also tend to be the ones where you are most likely to catch something unpleasant, such as malaria, Hepatitis A or typhoid.

Even if you're only travelling to Europe, there are still certain recommended travel vaccinations and it is important to make sure you are up to date with your tetanus, diphtheria and polio immunisations.

According to Norwich Union Healthcare, four in five adults fail to maintain a record of their medical history, so the insurer has developed a medical passport to help keep track of travel vaccinations.

Travellers should also be aware of the risks associated with extreme heat, which can cause heat exhaustion, heat stroke and, if you fail to use a high-factor sunscreen when going out in the sun, skin cancer.

Lynda Bramham, senior nurse adviser at the UK-wide network of travel clinics Masta, told the Scotsman: "To avoid heat exhaustion and heat stroke - a more serious condition when the core body temperature rises above 40C, with symptoms such as confusion, high pulse and rapid breathing - travellers should drink plenty of fluids, wear lightweight clothing and a sun hat."

Overzealous sunbathers are advised to have a flat lemonade or cola drink with a pinch of salt to help address the body's sugar and salt balance.

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Need for travel vaccinations
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