Driving or catching public transport to reach work can help to make employees less healthy, a new study has indicated.
The research by Lund University published in the BioMed Central open access journal BMC Public Health revealed those who drove short distances or caught buses, trains and subways to work tended to have worse sleep, more stress and feel exhausted more often than people who would cycle or walk.
However, motorists whose journey was longer than an hour fared better than those driving between 30 and 60 minutes.
Erik Hansson from the university's Faculty of Medicine suggested this might be partly due to the extra relaxation afforded by driving through rural areas a long way from the city centres before encountering the busy and stressful urban roads.
Head of marketing at Cycle Training UK Jean Mowbray recently recommended cycling in central London, suggesting that "it gets you around faster than anything else on the road".