ECG / Electrocardiogram
This is a simple procedure that involves the application of electrodes to the chest to measure tiny electrical impulses generated by the heart to ensure it contracts and relaxes in an organised manner.
It's considered the gold standard for cardiac arrhythmia diagnosis. Applications include a guide for risk stratification for patients with recent myocardial infarctions. The ECG is used as a screening tool for ischaemic heart disease and prior to operative procedures.
It may also identify conduction disturbances, electrolyte imbalances, and information on the hearts position, chamber sizes, pericardial compliance, lung disease and central nervous system depression. There is no risk associated with the procedure. No preparation by the patient is required.