A colonoscopy is a test to look inside the large bowel, colon meaning large bowel and -oscopy meaning looking into. The examination is done through the anus using a long flexible telescope, called an endoscope, which is slightly thicker than a pencil. The endoscope lets the doctor see the inside of the bowel and any problems. Air is blown into the bowel to make it expand so the doctor can see the lining better. The endoscope is also called a colonoscope.
There are many conditions that can happen in the large bowel, including irritable bowel syndrome, diverticular disease, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), polyps and cancer.
If you need a private gastro intestinal specialist, you can search for one using our Find a consultant database. You can also get a quote for gastro intestinal treatment at a private hospital or clinic.