An income protection policy will pay out up to the benefit limit selected, but only after deducting other monies you are still getting, including;
Ongoing payments from your employment such as sick pay or wages
Ongoing payments from self-employment
Any pension payment that starts on the date of incapacity
Any other insurance payments from another policy or a policy from an employer.
Dividends from shares etc.
Terminal illness benefit
Some policies have an extra optional or included benefit. If you are diagnosed with a terminal illness, which is likely to lead to your death within 12 months, the insurers will allow you to take a period, e.g. six months, of benefit as a lump sum. If you take this the policy usually ceases. Unlike a life policy, insurers do not wait until you die to pay out.
Most income protection policies do not have a death benefit. Some will pay a death benefit based on 12 times the monthly benefit, if you die within 12 months of being claiming. Having a death benefit does not make them life policies.
Waiver of premiums benefit
A waiver of premiums benefit may be included as part of an income protection plan or available for an extra charge. As your policy is ongoing, you still have to pay your monthly premiums if you are not working due to incapacity. This will apply even during the weeks or months of claiming.
A waiver of premium benefit effectively pays the insurance premium for the days/weeks you are ill.
Insurers recognise that just paying cash is only one element of helping to protect income. Increasingly, income protection insurance providers are looking to include either in the policy or in their service to those unfortunate enough to claim, some form of rehabilitation assistance. This may include help in getting physically better, retraining, and assistance in getting a new job.
A new trend is for insurers to include some form of proportionate benefit, to pay a partial income if the person goes to work on a part-time basis. This accepts that few people can suddenly go from having months or years away from work, and instantly return to full time work, particularly if they have some form pf permanent disability.
House Persons benefit
Even if your partner has no paid work; the work that he/she does around the home may be of major financial benefit. So, unless you could afford to pay someone else to do all their work, then seriously consider including them in the policy or buying a separate policy.
The aim of a house person type policy is to pay for employing help, buying any special aids, converting the home
As income and ability to do an occupation are both confusing factors on houseperson cover they are not used. Payment is by a weekly or monthly set benefit .The basis for claiming is when a person no longer has the ability to perform certain daily activities; ranging from an inability to walk up to complete dependency.
What about tax on income protection plan payments?
Tax is a very complex subject where the rules can be changed by the government almost instantly. A lot also depends on the individual interpretation by the local Revenue.
In current practice, benefits are not usually taxable. But different rules may apply if you are a High Income taxpayer or not a permanent resident of the UK.
When should monthly income protection plan benefits start?
No income protection policy will begin to pay out until you've been off work for between 4 to 6 weeks. A policy, which pays out after four weeks, will be far more expensive than one, which pays out after 6 months. So, choosing a longer "deferred period" can dramatically cut your monthly premiums.
If an employee, check how long your employer will pay you sick pay (one/three/six months?) and then work out how long you can survive without your income by relying on limited State benefits, savings and other assets.
Income protection benefits will not be paid for any period during which you're receiving sickness benefits from your employer.