Negative Effects of Prostate Surgery
There are unwanted, but usually temporary, side effects after having a successful procedure. For instance, you may feel sick as a result of the general anaesthetic and experience discomfort from the catheter. The following are specific side effects of prostate surgery which usually clear up after a few days:
- Blood in the urine
- An urgent need to pass urine
- A burning sensation when urinating
- Mild incontinence (urine leakage)
Many men suffer from dry orgasm after a prostate operation, known as retrograde ejaculation, where very little, or no, semen is ejaculated. This happens because the muscle that closes the bladder neck during ejaculation has been removed along with the obstructing prostate tissue. As a result, semen enters the bladder instead of being expelled through the penis. Studies estimate that 74% of men experience this condition after having TURP, however most return to normal levels of sexual activity after a full recovery from the operation. Retrograde ejaculation affects fertility but not sexual pleasure.
Prostate surgery has also been linked with erectile dysfunction and urinary incontinence, although it’s possible these conditions would have affected them anyway without undergoing surgery.
Finally, the benefits of surgery are long lasting, but because only part of the prostate is removed some men may eventually need another operation.
On rare occasions, unexpected complications can occur during or after the prostate operation. These include:
- Excessive bleeding
- A urinary tract infection
- Pain when urinating
- A reaction to the anaesthetic
- The balance of salt of in the blood may be upset, which is harmful for people with existing heart or kidney problems
- A blood clot, known as deep vein thrombosis (DVT), may form in the leg and travel to the lungs – a dangerous but treatable condition